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Friday, April 24, 2020 | History

5 edition of theory of presupposition failure found in the catalog.

theory of presupposition failure

Peter Harder

theory of presupposition failure

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  • 29 Currently reading

Published by Akademisk Forlag : [eksp. DBK] in Copenhagen .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Speech acts (Linguistics),
  • Presupposition (Logic)

  • Edition Notes

    StatementPeter Harder & Christian Kock.
    SeriesTravaux du Cercle linguistique de Copenhague ;, n. 17, Travaux du Cercle linguistique de Copenhague ;, v. 17.
    ContributionsKock, Christian, joint author.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsP25 .L56 vol. 17, P106 .L56 vol. 17
    The Physical Object
    Pagination72 p. ;
    Number of Pages72
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL4283353M
    ISBN 108750016830
    LC Control Number78309768


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theory of presupposition failure by Peter Harder Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Harder, Peter. Theory of presupposition failure. Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag: [Eksp. DBK], (OCoLC) : The theory of presupposition failure (Travaux du Cercle linguistique de Copenhague) () by Harder, Peter and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great : Harder, Peter.

Remko J.H. Scha, in Handbook of Human-Computer Interaction, Presupposition Failure. Another reason for downgrading an interpretation, related to but distinct from semantic anomaly, is the occurrence of presupposition failure.

For instance, “List the IBM computers installed in every German town.” has a quantifier-scope ambiguity. (As discussed in sectionin Montague Grammar this. Journal of Pragmatics 1 () m North-Houand Publishing Company REVIEW Peter Harder, Christian Xock, Tire theory of presupposition,failure.

Travaux du cercle linguistique de Copenhague, vol. XVII. Copenliagen: Akademisk Forlag. 72 pp. Kkr. 34,55 net. The book under review consists of two relatively independent : Traugott Schiebe.

The Limits to Debate: A Revised Theory of Semantic Presupposition (Cambridge Studies in Linguistics) about presuppositional conflict and about differences in the logical status of simple sentences suffering from presupposition failure.

The book includes a detailed argument that an ambiguity of natural language negation, generally assumed to Cited by:   Langendoen, D.T. Presupposition and Assertion in the Semantic Analysis of Nouns and Verbs in English. In Semantics, ed. D.D. Steinberg and L.A. Jakobovits, Author: Wouter Floris Kalf.

The Proviso Problem is the discrepancy between the predictions of nearly theory of presupposition failure book major theory of semantic presupposition about what is semantically presupposed by conditionals, disjunctions, and conjunctions, versus observations about what speakers of certain sentences are felt to be presupposing.

I argue that the Proviso Problem is a more serious problem than has been widely recognized. Generations of students have learned about presuppositions from Stephen Levinson's book on Pragmatics that contains a list of 13 types of presupposition triggers, an excerpt of an even longer Author: Lauri Karttunen.

This book is an important study of the place of presuppositions in transformational linguistic theory. The author defends the standard theory of linguistic description found in Chomsky’s earlier work and in the semantic theories which are based on it against recent proposals by generative semanticists that presuppositions are part of semantics.

Grice’s theory is basically on the right track. Davis, by contrast, suggests that ‘Gricean theory’ is a “near-complete failure” (p. 1): it does nothing to advance our understanding of the generation and recovery of implicatures, and an adherence to the theoretically “barren” (p.

3) GriceanFile Size: 32KB. Moral nihilism (also known as ethical nihilism) is the meta-ethical view that nothing is morally right or wrong. Moral nihilism is distinct from moral relativism, which allows for actions wrong relative to a particular culture or individual.

I outline a discourse-based account of presuppositions that relies on insights from the writings of Peter Strawson, as well as on insights from more recent work by Robert Stalnaker and Barbara Abbott. One of the key elements of my account is the idea that presuppositions are “assertorically inert”, in the sense that they are background propositions, rather than being part of the Author: Anne Bezuidenhout.

Problem 1: presupposition failure Under the semantic view, we would have to say that presupposition failure results in falsity of a sentence: The King of France is bald. Presupposes that there is one and only one king of France Fact: there is no King of France Therefore: sentence is false We could try to analyse presupposition differently: e.g.

Presupposition: What went wrong. triggers should have been constructed with separate cages for different species. The quest for a unified theory of presupposition, pragmatic or semantic, has been a failure.2 By the time linguists discovered presuppositions in the late s (Horn.

Introduction. This article concerns Discourse Representation Theory narrowly defined as work in the tradition descending from Kamp (). The same term is sometimes used more broadly, occasionally embracing Heim’s () work and the developments initiated by Groenendijk and Stokhof (, ).Cited by: theory and its formalization.

While a semantic or logical PRESUPPOSITION is a necessary condition on the truth or falsity of statements (FregeStrawson ), a pragmatic presupposition is a restriction on the common ground, the set of propositions constituting the current Size: KB.

Jill ducked under the theory of relativity. (ibid) she says, “the infelicity of all these category mistakes can be explained as instance of presupposition failure”; the presupposition in this example is triggered by under.

Later (p. ) she states:Cited by: 1. 1. Introduction. Soames is a superb collection of essays by one of the world's leading philosophers of language. 1 The collection contains fifteen essays published over the last thirty years, with four previously unpublished essays, and a helpful essays are divided into five parts: Presupposition, Language and Linguistic Competence, Semantics and Pragmatics, Descriptions, and Cited by: 2.

Book PDF Available. Understanding Pragmatics Among these theories is the ‘pragmatic act theory’ which can be traced back to Mey and has been further refined by Capone. Cross-Cultural. Failure of Nerve is one of the best books that I've read on leadership in a long time.

Friedman's thesis is that many approaches to leadership end in failure because they fail to recognize that leadership is more about a leader's own emotional processes than techniques to motivate others.

A basic presupposition for this second book by /5. 2 (1) Presupposition: moral judgments involve a particular kind of presupposition which is essential to their status as moral; (2) Error: this presupposition is irreconcilable with the way things are.

In the first section, I examine these claims in more detail, focusing on the writings of Mackie and Joyce, who construe the essential presupposition of moral discourse as an absolutism about.

position FailureOn the basis of truth condition, it has been taken for granted that a name or definite description being used refers to the existent entity in the field of semantics.

However, if the named or described entity doesn’t exist, it causes problem for this truth-relation approach, which is known as presupposition failure. This presupposition encapsulates another NLP presupposition: failure does not exist, only feedback exists. Every piece of feedback you receive is treated as an achievement because it takes you one step closer to what you want.

If something does not get you the results you want, it only means you need to correct what you are doing. The theory of presupposition failure. By PETER HARDER and CHRISTIAN KOCK.

(Travaux du Cercle Linguistique de Copenhague, ) Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag, Pp. Reviewed by RICHARD GARNER, Ohio State University This book has two sides, one polemical and one constructive.

The latter tells us. Clayton M. Christensen is the Kim B. Clark Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School, and is regarded as one of the world’s foremost experts on innovation and growth.

A note on presupposition failure The Binding Theory Discourse representation theory From anaphora to presupposition Constraints on interpretation Applications and refinements Further remarks on binding and accommodation The Satisfaction Theory The theory The proviso problem The argument from truth-functionality The argument from improbability Cited by:   triggers the presupposition is entailed by the declarative content of the sentence, and therefore its failure is sufficient reason to give a felicitous negative response to the sentence.

Results Results for the triggers continue, stop and only are as follows. As the materialsAuthor: Luigi Speranza. Is there always a fact of the matter about the existence of events, sets, worlds, and arbitrary mereological sums. A prior question is, how could there fail to be a fact of the matter.

This chapter proposes a model, drawing on recent work in linguistics on sentences that strike us as true or false despite the failure of existential presuppositions, e.g.

According to Strawson, a presupposition failure deprives a sentence of it ability to have a truth value. That is, if there is no King of France, (1) is neither true nor false.

This often is modeled using a trivalent logic (e.g Beaver & Krahmer ), with the values 1 (true), 0 (false), and * (undefined). Background. Adpositions are not among the best-known or most discussed presupposition triggers, and there does not seem to be much research specifically on adpositions and presupposition.

1 In this paper I will investigate to what extent, if at all, adpositions are involved in creating presupositions. It will turn out that many claims about the presuppositionality of adpositions are not Cited by: 1. The ancient Stoic philosophers like Marcus Aurelius, Seneca, and Epictetus regularly conducted an exercise known as a premeditatio malorum, which translates to a “premeditation of evils.”1.

The goal of this exercise was to envision the negative things that could happen in life. For example, the Stoics would imagine what it would be like to lose their job and become homeless or to suffer an. Pragmatics: Speech act theory and particular speech acts The Performative Hypothesis and its Apparent Failure.

A Set of Postulates Geoffrey N Leech act Peter phatic Philosophical Philosophy of Language possible worlds pragmatic preparatory conditions presupposed presupposition promise-exchange propositional content question reason. The theory of evolution presupposes a vast time-scale g.

The article by Jackendoff presupposes Chomsky’s theory of nominalizations 2. Historical Interlude: Frege Discussion regarding the nature of presupposition originates (for our purposes) with debates in philosophy about reference and how to translate referring expressions into logical.

The Theory of Communicative Action, Vol 1 book. Read 19 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. A major contribution to contemporary soci /5. theory of impUcature developed in Sperber and Wilson ().) Davis, WA.

() Implicature: The Failure ofGricean Theory, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (A comprehensive critique of Grice's theory of unplicature, and of similar theories. Argues that conversational impUcatures arise not from conver-sational principles, but from File Size: 1MB.

This presupposition is the basis of NLP Modeling. The person or element with the most flexibility in a system will have the most influence. This is the Law of requisite variety from systems theory. This means the person with the most options and behavioral choices will control the system.

Two-House Theory: Three Fatal Flaws. by Tim Hegg. In the introduction to The Book of Tobit (dated BCE), we read: So the second fatal flaw in the Two House theory is the failure to emphasize the nationally inclusive focus of God’s salvation.

The Two House theory ends up with primarily a single nation enjoying the benefits of. Michael Blome-Tillmann, Knowledge and Presuppositions, Oxford University Press,pp., $ (hbk), ISBN Reviewed by Geoff Pynn, Northern Illinois University Contextualists hold that the epistemic requirements for the truth of a knowledge claim vary with the.

We level two main criticisms against von Fintel’s theory. First, the empirical claim underlying the theory has exceptions left unnoticed until now. Among the facts that we bring to light, there is an important discovery, namely the disruption caused by the presupposition trigger too: (1) Context: Mary read some interesting book.1 a.

Another factor possibly encouraging the blending of the two categories was a change in the preferred analysis of presuppositions.

As mentioned in note 1 above, Strawson, following Frege, had held that presupposition failure results in lack of truth value for the presupposing statement. This would make presupposition a semantic phenomenon. On the other hand, competing theories, traditionally known as “satisfaction theories,” whose subscribers are often also supporters of dynamics semantics 4, predict that CpC always project conditional presuppositions of the form if p, q and derive the unconditional presupposition in different ways depending on the versions of the theory (e.g., Heim, ; Beaver, ; Singh, ; van Cited by: 4.Sometimes when a presupposition fails, ‘the whole assertive enterprise is wrecked’ (Strawson's phrase).

When the assertive enterprise is not wrecked, we have a case of non-catastrophic presupposition failure. This chapter proposes a theory of why a false presupposition does not always bring the assertive act down with it, and the philosophical implications are considered.

The Hardcover of the To Flourish or Destruct: A Personalist Theory of Human Goods, Motivations, Failure, and Evil by Christian Smith at Barnes & Noble. as a general metaphysical presupposition and exclusive criterion defining the contents of reality.

The causal criterion of reality recognizes nonmaterial entities possessing causal powers as Pages: